Update Configurations Without Replacing Them Using Enterprise Library 5 Fluent Configuration API

October 28, 2010

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Update Configurations Without Replacing Them Using Enterprise Library 5 Fluent Configuration API


I got a question today in an article I published about the fluent configuration API in Enterprise Library 5. Adding Connection Strings During Runtime With Enterprise Library Fluent Configuration APIThe question was how to add a database connection string to an existing configuration during runtime. The person who wrote the question also published a specific solution which I refactored to a general purpose solution that I’ll show in this post.


The Problem


When you use the fluent configuration API the ConfigurationSourceBuilder class has just one method to update the configuration which is UpdateConfigurationWithReplace. This method updates the configuration source and replace any existing sections with those built up with the builder. If during runtime we want to update the configuration without replacing the current configuration we have a problem.


The Solution


Use the System.Configuration API to get the current configuration and add it to the new configuration you build. Here is an implementation of how to copy all the current connection strings by using the IDataConfiguration which is part of the fluent configuration API:



private static void CopyCurrentDataConfiguration(IDataConfiguration dataConfig)
{
  // Load the configuration from the configuration file
  var configSource = ConfigurationSourceFactory.Create();
 
  // Retrieve the default datasource name
  var dataConfigurationSection = (DatabaseSettings)configSource.GetSection(DatabaseSettings.SectionName);
  var defaultDatabaseName = dataConfigurationSection.DefaultDatabase;
 
  CopyConnectionStrings(dataConfig, defaultDatabaseName);
}
 
private static void CopyConnectionStrings(IDataConfiguration dataConfig, string defaultDatabaseName)
{
  // Add the configurations from our application config file to the builder
  foreach (ConnectionStringSettings settings in ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings)
  {
    var configuredDatabase = dataConfig
      .ForDatabaseNamed(settings.Name)
      .ThatIs
      .AnotherDatabaseType(settings.ProviderName);
 
    if (settings.Name.Equals(defaultDatabaseName))
    {
      configuredDatabase.AsDefault();
    }
  }
}
In the first method I retrieve the Enterprise Library database settings and save the default database name. Then I use the second method to configure all the current connection strings. Since the database provider isn’t known I use the AnotherDatabaseType method to add the providers. Here is an example of how to use these methods to add another connection string to your configuration:


public void AddNewConnectionString(string databaseName, string connString)
{
  var builder = new ConfigurationSourceBuilder();
  var dataConfig = builder.ConfigureData();
  CopyCurrentDataConfiguration(dataConfig);
 
  // Add our database connections to the builder
  dataConfig
    .ForDatabaseNamed(databaseName)
    .ThatIs
    .ASqlDatabase()
    .WithConnectionString(connString);
 
  // Create a new configuration source, update it with the builder and make it the current configuration
  var newConfigSource = new DictionaryConfigurationSource();
  builder.UpdateConfigurationWithReplace(newConfigSource);
  EnterpriseLibraryContainer.Current =
    EnterpriseLibraryContainer.CreateDefaultContainer(newConfigSource);
}

Summary


The lack of current support to only updates without replacing the configurations in the fluent configuration API can cause you trouble when you need that behavior. In the post I showed a workaround to configure the EnterpriseLibraryContainer without replacing the current configurations for connection strings. This method can be applied to other configurations as well but you’ll have to write code to achieve that.


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