Exposing a Stored Procedure in WCF Data Service

October 25, 2010

Exposing a Stored Procedure in WCF Data Service

Today I answered a question in the data platform development forums. Exposing a Stored Procedure in WCF Data ServiceThe question was simple – how to expose a stored procedure which is mapped to an Entity Framework model through a WCF Data Service. This post will show you exactly how to do this.

The Stored Procedure

First I’ve created a the following stored procedure:

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.GetCoursesOrderByTitle
AS
BEGIN
    SET NOCOUNT ON 
    SELECT CourseID, Title, Days, [Time], Location, Credits, DepartmentID
    FROM Course
    ORDER BY Title ASC
END

The procedure is simple and returns all the courses ordered by title. Of course this could be achieved by the use of LINQ to Data Services but I wanted to show the concept of exposing SP in your WCF Data Service.

The Model

After creating the stored procedure I’ve created the Entity Framework model which for simplicity holds only a course entity and also map the stored procedure as a FunctionImport in the model. If you want to understand how to create this sort of mapping go to a old post I wrote about it. The model will look like:

Entity Designer Diagram   Model Browser

Creating the WCF Data Service

After we have our model lets create the WCF Data Service. In order to expose the stored procedure we will have to create a service operation method. Service operations are endpoints that you can create in WCF Data Services in order to add business logic that can’t be supported by the service RESTful interface. These endpoints are consumed like any other endpoints in the REST interface that the WCF Data Service exposes. For further reading about Service Operations I recommend these two posts:

Lets look at the service:

public class SchoolDataService : DataService<SchoolEntities>
{
  public static void InitializeService(DataServiceConfiguration config)
  {
    config.SetEntitySetAccessRule("Courses", EntitySetRights.AllRead);
    config.SetServiceOperationAccessRule("GetCoursesOrderByTitle", ServiceOperationRights.AllRead);
    config.DataServiceBehavior.MaxProtocolVersion = DataServiceProtocolVersion.V2;
  }
 
  [WebGet]
  public IQueryable<Course> GetCoursesOrderByTitle()
  {
    return CurrentDataSource
      .GetCoursesOrderByTitle()
      .AsQueryable();
  }
}

As you can see I use the CurrentDataSource in order to get the Entity Framework ObjectContext and then to execute the stored procedure using its FunctionImport. I also need to set the service operation access rule in order to expose the operation. If I want to consume the service operation right now and not from a client I can view the service in browser and then create the following link for example in order to call the operation:

http://localhost:43054/SchoolDataService.svc/GetCoursesOrderByTitle
 

And the result will be:

Runing Service Operation

Summary

Exposing a stored procedure through WCF Data Services can be achieved by providing service endpoints using the service operation feature. In the post I showed how you can do that by using Entity Framework.

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