A ribbon ComboBox control is basically the normal ComboBox control that we all love, but with the additional feature of dividing the items into categories. A category is not an item and cannot be selected from the ComboBox. It is only used to organized the items.
Every ribbon control has properties that defines the way it looks and behaves. Here is a quick review of ComboBox properties, divided into logical groups:
ComboBox Value Related Properties
- Items Source – The list of ComboBox items. It is exposed as an IUICollection where every element in the collection is of type: IUISimplePropertySet. More on this later.
Property Identifier: UI_PKEY_ItemsSource
- Categories – The list of categories. Also exposed as an IUICollection of IUISimplePropertySet elements.
Property Identifier: UI_PKEY_Categories
- Selected Item – The index of the selected item in the ComboBox. If nothing is selected returns UI_Collection_InvalidIndex, which is a fancy way to say -1.
Property Identifier: UI_PKEY_SelectedItem
- String Value – The current string in the ComboBox. This can be a string that isn’t one of the possible items in the ComboBox, in case the ComboBox has IsEditable set to true.
Property Identifier: UI_PKEY_StringValue
ComboBox Appearance Related Properties
- Representative String – A string that represents the common value for the ComboBox. This is used to calculate the width of the ComboBox, so you should set here the longest string you forecast. Note that it doesn’t have to be an actual value, it can be also: “XXXXXXXX”.
Property Identifier: UI_PKEY_RepresentativeString
Common Appearance & Image Properties
See these sections at Windows Ribbon for WinForms, Part 7 – Spinner
Using ComboBox – Ribbon Markup
As always, a command should be defined:
The views section:
- CommandName – Name of the command attached to this ComboBox.
- IsAutoCompleteEnabled – Flag that indicated whether to complete the words as you write.
- IsEditable – Flag that indicates whether to allow free writing in the ComboBox.
- ResizeType – Allow resize of the ComboBox. Can be NoResize or VerticalResize.
Using ComboBox – Code Behind
In a similar way to the spinner control, I’ve created a helper classes that encapsulates the interaction between the ComboBox and ribbon framework. To use the ComboBox, create a RibbonComboBox instance, passing to the constructor the Ribbon instance and command ID of the ComboBox:
Note: We set the RepresentativeString property BEFORE the initializing the ribbon framework. This is because for some reason the framework reads this property only once, when the ribbon is initialized. This means that if you change it after initialization it will have no affect since the framework doesn’t reads this property anymore. By the way, according to the current documentation of the ribbon framework, this property is not part of the ComboBox, but as mentioned earlier, this property controls the width of the ComboBox.
In the next code snippet you can see how to use another helper class, named GalleryItemPropertySet. This class represents a container for properties of a single element in an IUICollection.
Adding categories and items to the ComboBox is done like this:
Note: Adding items and categories can be done only AFTER the Ribbon Framework has been initialized.
Finally, you must connect the IUICommandHandler.UpdateProperty method with the implementation of this method in our RibbonComboBox class:
Update (18.11.2009): The updated version of the Ribbon class provides an implementation for IUICommandHandler, so the user doesn't need to implement Execute and UpdateProperty methods anymore.
Objects that implements IUICollection interface usually expose an OnChanged event that is called when the collection has changed due to: Insert item, Remove item, Replace item, Reset collection.
This event is exposed using the standard COM events mechanism, namely: IConnectionPointContainer, IConnectionPoint and Advise().
To help the user to avoid these issue altogether, I’ve created the UICollectionChangedEvent class, which attaches to a given IUICollection and exposes the OnChanged event as a normal .NET event.
Following is an example of using it:
Note: There is no OnChanged event for the ComboBox. Only for IUICollection, which is completely different.
Update (27.10.2009): The ComboBox itself has 3 events, Execute, Preview and CancelPreview. The Execute event can be used as a "Selected Change" event. See this future post.
You can find a working sample that demonstrates using a ComboBox control at Windows Ribbon for WinForms under sample “06-ComboBox”.
That’s it for now,